Diseases & Conditions
The following information describes various urological conditions and the symptoms that may accompany them.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
Also called an enlarged prostate, BPH is typically managed using a combination of "watchful waiting," lifestyle modifications, medications and surgery. Although self-care is often enough to manage minor symptoms, men with BPH should get yearly exams to monitor progression.
This form of cancer is an overgrowth of cells that typically begins in the lining of the bladder. Although early-stage bladder cancer is relatively easy to treat, it tends to recur.
This occurs in women when the bladder droops into the vagina. This can happen when the front wall of the vagina, which supports the bladder, is weakened by childbirth or aging.
Blood in the urine
Also known as hematuria, this condition has a variety of causes that include urinary tract infections, kidney stones, enlarged prostate in men or some medications. If you have blood in your urine, you should seek medical care to determine its cause.
Erectile dysfunction (ED)
Men can consider non-surgical treatments for ED, including psychological counseling, penis pumps and medications. Some lifestyle changes that can help include smoking cessation, weight loss and exercise.
Also known as painful bladder syndrome, this condition involves bladder pressure, pain and sometimes additional pain in the pelvis. Individuals with interstitial cystitis urinate more frequently due to this pelvic nerve dysfunction.
This type of cancer is an overgrowth of cells that form a tumor that is typically asymptomatic in the early stages. When it causes symptoms, it can be more difficult to treat.
Kidney and ureteral stones
These are formed when crystals separate from the urine and form a mass.
Overactive bladder (OAB)
OAB can cause people to urinate eight or more times per day, or two or more times per night. It also produces a sudden urge to urinate. OAB can be managed with medication to calm the nerves in the bladder.
This form of cancer occurs when cells grow faster than normal in the prostate gland. It occurs exclusively in males.
Prostatitis (infection of the prostate)
This condition in men involves inflammation of the prostate gland. It is often caused by a bacterial infection.
Urinary incontinence is a loss of bladder control. It is often caused by extra stress on bladder muscles, such as by laughing or coughing, or by urinary muscle spasms.
Urinary tract infections (UTI) in adults
UTIs can be caused by fungi, viruses or bacteria. They are the second most common infection in adults.
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