Diseases & Conditions

Healing from a condition or injury that affects your mobility and agility starts with identifying the problem. At San Ramon Regional Medical Center’s Sports Performance Institute (SPI), our sports medicine specialists work with you to diagnose the source of your pain and develop a personalized treatment plan. Some of the most common sports-related injuries:

Knee

ACL INJURIES

Spraining or tearing the anterior cruciate ligament, commonly referred to as the ACL, is one of the most common knee injuries. While people who participate in high-impact sports — like basketball, soccer and football — are more prone to ACL injuries, they can happen to anyone.

COLLATERAL OR COMBINED LIGAMENT INJURY

Any sort of direct contact to the knee or sudden change in direction can cause injury to the knee ligament. Injured ligaments, also referred to as sprains, may be effective to address these injuries.

MENISCUS TEAR

A tear of the meniscus is an extremely common knee injury that occurs when the cartilage in the knee is ruptured. While anyone can get a torn meniscus, it commonly affects athletes, particularly those who play contact sports.

PATELLAR TENDONITIS (JUMPER'S KNEE)

This injury is characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to the shinbone. The condition is commonly referred to as jumper’s knee. It’s often caused by frequent jumping on hard surfaces, which leads to overuse of the knee joint.

PATELLAR TENDON TEAR

Tears to the patellar tendon occur where the tendon attaches to the kneecap. Tears are generally classified as either partial or complete. During a complete tear, the tendon is separated from the kneecap, making it difficult to straighten the knee.

PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME

This broad term is used to describe pain in the front of the knee and around the kneecap (patella). This injury can occur in non-athletes, although it most commonly affects people who participate in sports — specifically young adults and females — therefore, this injury is often called runner's knee or jumper's knee.

POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT

Located in the back of the knee, the posterior cruciate ligament is one of several ligaments that connect the thighbone to the shinbone. Symptoms of a torn posterior cruciate ligament include knee pain and swelling, stiff knee, difficulty walking and an unstable knee that feels like it may give out.

QUADRICEPS TENDON TEARS

The quadriceps tendon attaches the quadriceps to the kneecap. When the quadriceps tendon tears, straightening the leg is painful. Tears to the quadriceps tendon can be either partial or complete. This injury is most common in middle-age adults who run, jump or participate in sports.

UNSTABLE KNEECAP

When a kneecap (patella) works properly, it rests in a groove at the end of the thighbone. When the knee bends, the patella moves within the groove. During a hard blow or fall, the patella slides too far to one side or the other, causing a complete or partial dislocation, also known as an unstable kneecap

Hip

AVASCULAR NECROSIS

Avascular Necrosis results from a significant loss of blood supply to the top of the thighbone where it fits in the hip socket. This disabling condition can lead to painful hip movement and arthritis.

DISLOCATIONS

A dislocation occurs when extreme force is put on a ligament, allowing bones to separate. Dislocations most commonly occur in the shoulders and hips. Rehabilitative sports medicine programs can help you get back to your old self.

BACK AND NECK

Back and neck pain can range from mild and dull pain to severe and disabling. Ongoing pain restricts mobility and affects quality of life. Since the back and neck are often left unprotected, especially during sports and activities, these areas are often subject to injury. Explore solutions to your back and neck pain.

Elbow, Wrist and Hand

BICEPS TENDONITIS

Tendons are the tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. When those cords get inflamed due to overuse or injury, it is called tendonitis. This injury causes swelling, pain and discomfort.

CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

Cubital tunnel syndrome feels similar to the pain felt when your bone is hit. This injury is sometimes caused by bone growth in the elbow or from intense physical activity. If you suspect you may have this condition, we can help.

MEDIAL AND LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS

This injury is characterized by pain from the elbow to the wrist. Lateral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is characterized by pain on the outside (lateral side) of the elbow. Medial epicondylitis, also known as golfer’s or baseball elbow, is characterized by pain on the inside (medial side) of the elbow.

REPETITIVE MOTION INJURY

Also referred to as repetitive stress injuries, this condition involves a temporary or permanent injury to muscles, nerves, ligaments or tendons caused by continuously performing the same motion. Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most commonly diagnosed repetitive motion injury.

Lower Leg, Ankle and Foot

SHIN SPLINTS

This injury often occurs after a sudden change in physical activity, such as increasing the level of exercise performed each week. Shin splints occur when the muscle and bone tissue in the leg become overworked by repetitive activity. Other factors can contribute to shin splints, including improper footwear or abnormally rigid arches.

Shoulder

BICEPS TENDONITIS

Tendons are the tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. When those cords get inflamed due to overuse or injury, it is called tendonitis. This injury causes swelling, pain and discomfort.

ROTATOR CUFF INJURY

The rotator cuff includes the tendons and muscles that hold the shoulder in place. An injury to a rotator cuff, such as a tear, may be the results of a sports injury or it may develop over time due to repetitive activities. The likelihood of rotator cuff increases with age.

SHOULDER DISLOCATION

A dislocation occurs when extreme force is put on a ligament, allowing bones to separate. Dislocations most commonly occur in the shoulders and hips. Rehabilitative sports medicine programs can help you get back to your old self.

ARTHRITIS

Arthritis is a common medical term that refers to the inflammation of a joint, including the knee. People with arthritis may experience stiffness, swelling and pain. Sports medicine therapies can be effective in alleviating the symptoms of this disease.

STRESS FRACTURE

A stress fracture is considered one of the most common injuries in sports — with those participating in tennis, track and field, gymnastics, and basketball the most susceptible. Typically, a stress fracture occurs when muscles become fatigued, is unable to absorb added shock and transfers that shock to the bone. This causes a tiny crack in the bone, also known as a stress fracture.

TENDONITIS

Tendons are the tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. When those cords get inflamed due to overuse or injury, it is called tendonitis. This injury causes swelling, pain and discomfort.

Let San Ramon Regional connect you with a physician

Call (800) 284-2878 or use our Find A Physician tool to connect to a sports medicine specialist who can help you. You can also read more about sports-related injuries in our Health Library.